How Could the Status of Neutrality Affect the Economy of Georgia?

Over the past decades, Georgia has often been perceived as a success story. In many ways, this is true: Georgia has made impressive progress in implementing institutional reforms. In 2019, Georgia ranked 7th in the world, according to Ease of Doing Business and 16th in the Index of Economic Freedom. Institutional development is key to […]

Russia and Georgia: Seeking a New Agenda

The Soviet Union’s dissolution fundamentally altered the geopolitics of the South Caucasus, by turning the former constituent republics of the USSR into independent states and hence, also autonomous regional and international actors, bent on defining their own specific national interests and foreign policy priorities. The emergence of these new republics also changed the nature of […]

Terrorism: A Continuing Threat

None of the modern terrorist groups conform fully to the traditional model of terrorism. Accordingly, they challenge counterterrorism polices and strategies which have long been oriented towards targeting terrorist organizations and their leaders. Because of the power of the Internet, social media and other 21st century communications platforms, the threat is changing and evolving rapidly […]

Georgia’s Hypothetical Neutrality. A Regional Perspective

By its geographical nature, the South Caucasus is a transit region: a bridge connecting Central Asia with Europe, and the Middle East with Russia. Relatively small in territory and population, the region is surrounded by large countries – Iran, Turkey and Russia – and located between two seas. Geographically, it is meant to unite, not […]

South Caucasus in 2020

The international security architecture is undergoing tremendous transformations. The relative decline of the US influence, rising China, more confident Russia, turmoil in the Middle East, rift in transatlantic relations and growing populism are the key patterns of current international relations. These developments are influencing virtually all regions of the world. Changes are not circumventing South […]

Russia-Ukraine Relations 2020: Equation With Many Variables. A View from Russia

The forecast for the Ukraine is one of the most ungrateful tasks for a political expert. The quantity of variables in this equation is so high, that only artificial intellect with plenty of facts and figures uploaded will be able to solve it in the nearest future. The current situation in internal politics and overall […]

Russian Current Economic Situation and Outlook

In the second quarter of 2019, economic growth picked up to 0.9% year-on-year from 0.5% in the first quarter. This was to a large extent due to the basis effect: the second quarter of 2018 saw a moderation of government spending after the presidential elections held in April. Still, GDP growth in the first half […]

Did the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) create a common market for goods, services, capital and labor within the Union?

The views expressed in the article are solely that of the author and may not represent that of Skolkovo, the Higher School of Economics and IIASA.   Being first and foremost an economic integration bloc, arguably the Eurasian Economic Union’s (EAEU) most important aim is to create a single interior market for goods, service, capital […]

Russia’s relations with Iran and Turkey in the Syrian context in 2020

Since Russia has deployed its military to Syria back in September 2015 it became a party to the conflict together with other actors involved. Its military support to the Syrian government helped to change the tide of war. With Moscow’s help Syrian state, its institutions, and, most importantly, army did not entirely collapse, while ISIS […]

Armenia by the End of 2019: Domestic and Foreign Agenda

The “Velvet revolution” that took place in the spring of 2018 led to the breakdown of the entire domestic political status quo in Armenia. The regime of competitive authoritarianism, rooted in Armenia,[1] was wrecked and the political elite, who had been at the helm of the country for twenty years, was removed from power. This […]

Azerbaijan in 2020: Reviewing Recent Developments and Understanding Future Foreign Policy Challenges

At the dawn of the unipolar international system – following the collapse of the Communist system in Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus – “the end of history” was announced. It was expected that the benevolent hegemony of the United States would last for many decades to come – liberal values and democracy would be […]

Großmachtpolitik der EU und die Rolle Deutschlands

Es wird hauptsächlich am Willen von Deutschland und Frankreich liegen, ob die EU geopolitisch stärker aktiv wird. Das Problem ist, dass der deutsche Riese schläft. Dieser Riese hat in seinen Reihen der klugen Köpfe weder eine nationale noch eine europäische Strategie. Für die EU wird diese Tatsache noch zum Verhängnis werden, da sein Schicksal auf […]

What Is Behind Trump’s Decision to Allow Turkey to Attack the Kurds?

On October 9, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced the beginning of a new military operation in Syria. “The Turkish Armed Forces, together with the Syrian National Army, just launched Operation Peace Spring against PKK/YPG and Daesh terrorists in northern Syria. Our mission is to prevent the creation of a terror corridor across our southern […]

Armenia–China: Strategic Partnership for Mutual Benefits

Armenia and China are both among the ancient civilizations of human history. They share millennia of mutual contacts via the ancient Silk Road. However, history is not the only thing which unites the two nations. Both Armenians and Chinese put enormous emphasis on protecting their national identities and traditions. Of course, it does not mean […]

Nord Stream 2 ante portas?

Kein energetisches Infrastrukturprojekt war in Europa derart umstritten, wie die zweite Ostseepipeline Nord Stream 2. Seit 2011 existiert bereits die erste Ostseepipeline Nord Stream I, die jährlich 55 Milliarden Kubikmeter Erdgas aus Westsibirien nach Deutschland transportieren kann. Nord Stream 2 soll künftig die gleiche Menge für Kunden in der Europäischen Union bereitstellen. Bislang wurden 150 […]