Russian Current Economic Situation and Outlook

In the second quarter of 2019, economic growth picked up to 0.9% year-on-year from 0.5% in the first quarter. This was to a large extent due to the basis effect: the second quarter of 2018 saw a moderation of government spending after the presidential elections held in April. Still, GDP growth in the first half […]

Did the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) create a common market for goods, services, capital and labor within the Union?

The views expressed in the article are solely that of the author and may not represent that of Skolkovo, the Higher School of Economics and IIASA.   Being first and foremost an economic integration bloc, arguably the Eurasian Economic Union’s (EAEU) most important aim is to create a single interior market for goods, service, capital […]

Russia’s relations with Iran and Turkey in the Syrian context in 2020

Since Russia has deployed its military to Syria back in September 2015 it became a party to the conflict together with other actors involved. Its military support to the Syrian government helped to change the tide of war. With Moscow’s help Syrian state, its institutions, and, most importantly, army did not entirely collapse, while ISIS […]

Armenia by the End of 2019: Domestic and Foreign Agenda

The “Velvet revolution” that took place in the spring of 2018 led to the breakdown of the entire domestic political status quo in Armenia. The regime of competitive authoritarianism, rooted in Armenia,[1] was wrecked and the political elite, who had been at the helm of the country for twenty years, was removed from power. This […]

Azerbaijan in 2020: Reviewing Recent Developments and Understanding Future Foreign Policy Challenges

At the dawn of the unipolar international system – following the collapse of the Communist system in Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus – “the end of history” was announced. It was expected that the benevolent hegemony of the United States would last for many decades to come – liberal values and democracy would be […]

Großmachtpolitik der EU und die Rolle Deutschlands

Es wird hauptsächlich am Willen von Deutschland und Frankreich liegen, ob die EU geopolitisch stärker aktiv wird. Das Problem ist, dass der deutsche Riese schläft. Dieser Riese hat in seinen Reihen der klugen Köpfe weder eine nationale noch eine europäische Strategie. Für die EU wird diese Tatsache noch zum Verhängnis werden, da sein Schicksal auf […]

What Is Behind Trump’s Decision to Allow Turkey to Attack the Kurds?

On October 9, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced the beginning of a new military operation in Syria. “The Turkish Armed Forces, together with the Syrian National Army, just launched Operation Peace Spring against PKK/YPG and Daesh terrorists in northern Syria. Our mission is to prevent the creation of a terror corridor across our southern […]

Armenia–China: Strategic Partnership for Mutual Benefits

Armenia and China are both among the ancient civilizations of human history. They share millennia of mutual contacts via the ancient Silk Road. However, history is not the only thing which unites the two nations. Both Armenians and Chinese put enormous emphasis on protecting their national identities and traditions. Of course, it does not mean […]

Nord Stream 2 ante portas?

Kein energetisches Infrastrukturprojekt war in Europa derart umstritten, wie die zweite Ostseepipeline Nord Stream 2. Seit 2011 existiert bereits die erste Ostseepipeline Nord Stream I, die jährlich 55 Milliarden Kubikmeter Erdgas aus Westsibirien nach Deutschland transportieren kann. Nord Stream 2 soll künftig die gleiche Menge für Kunden in der Europäischen Union bereitstellen. Bislang wurden 150 […]

What is behind positive outcomes of the troika meeting in Ankara?

On September 16, Ankara hosted fifth trilateral summit on Syria between Russia, Iran and Turkey. Although the three leaders – Putin, Erdogan and Rouhani – praised summit’s results and declared unity of their goals and actions in Syria, the reality looks quite different. The most awaited and sensitive topics of the summit were expectedly formation […]

EU’s Deafening Silence to the State Capture and Growing Signs of Authoritarianism in Georgia

“I will finish you!” Giorgi Gakharia, the newly appointed Prime Minister of Georgia addressed the parliamentary opposition during his speech on September 6. This simple phrase at first glance describes the level of democracy in Georgia, a country which continues to be considered by the European Union as a success story and the front-runner of […]

Die Zukunft des russischen plebiszitären Regimes

Aus dem Russischen von Alexander Dubowy   Seit den Präsidentschaftswahlen 2018 wurde die russische Politik durch mehrere Ereignisse entscheidend geprägt. Diese markieren den Beginn einer stürmischen Phase des politischen Systems Russlands. Insbesondere unter den jüngeren Generationen wächst die Bereitschaft zur politischen Partizipation und der Wunsch nach einer ernsthaften und offenen Diskussion über die politischen Perspektiven […]

Russia and the Western Balkans: A Last Stand or More of the Same?

As European leaders make it increasingly clear that rapid EU membership for the Western Balkans is out of the question, there is speculation that other global powers may also reconsider their strategies in the region. Due to its longstanding ties with the Balkans and vast experience in meddling, Russia sparks particular fear in the West. […]

Perspectives of EU – South Caucasus relations

South Caucasus is a part of the EU Eastern Partnership program. Launched in 2009, Program envisages fostering relations between the EU and the six former Soviet Union republics – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine. The key goal of the program was the signature of Association Agreements with Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area […]

Is Astana format on the way to be reformatted?

Another round of Astana Syria talks was held at the beginning of August in Kazakh capital Nur-Sultan. This format built around Russia, Turkey and Iran was launched back in January 2017 at the initiative of the Russian president Vladimir Putin. It had several main goals: First and foremost was to bring armed opposition and the […]