Putin was nervous on March 10th, 2020 when presenting the main amendment about the reset of the terms count in the Duma, it was something unprecedented even for Russia and took by surprise even his supporters. It was something he had openly denied preparing to do in the past. It was clear that he was crossing a red line he has been reluctant to cross before. It was likewise clear that he is violating both the letter and the spirit of the existing law. Beyond this red line was a vacuum of legitimacy, and he needed a popular vote to confirm his legitimacy of this unprecedented, even by Russian standards, move. This working paper analyzes the rationale behind the constitutional reform and sheds light on its potential impact on the future of Russia’s political system.